Creating Water Ripple Effects in 3ds Max - Setting the Scene
In this introductory tutorial, we will go through the steps needed to create such an effect of an animated bouncing object that creates ripples on a water surface. In this first tutorial, you set the basis of the bouncing arrow. Later on, you fine-tune the animation and the general look by adding ripples, materials and proper scene lighting.
- Recorded in: 3ds Max 2014
This tutorial is intended for use with 3ds Max version 2014 or higher.
00:00:06 --> 00:00:13
In this tutorial, you learn how the movie trailer that precedes every movie on this channel was created.
00:00:13 --> 00:00:17
You will not be using the same assets though but rather starting from scratch.
00:00:18 --> 00:00:23
This will allow you to work on a simpler scene which always makes learning easier.
00:00:23 --> 00:00:30
In this first movie, you start with the basic scene setup and then move on to work on the details subsequently.
00:00:30 --> 00:00:33
Start or reset 3ds Max.
00:00:33 --> 00:00:40
In the Units Setup, make sure the System Units are set to Inches, which is the default.
00:00:41 --> 00:00:46
Set the Display Units to Meters, as it's easier to get a sense of scale that way.
00:00:47 --> 00:00:54
Ultimately, you will be using Mental Ray to render this project, so you may as well set Mental Ray as a rendering engine from the start.
00:00:55 --> 00:01:01
This can be done in the Render dialog, which can be accessed from the main toolbar or by pressing F10.
00:01:02 --> 00:01:06
In the Assign Renderer section, set Mental Ray as the Production Renderer.
00:01:07 --> 00:01:14
If you are a regular on this channel, then you would know that I favor rendering in the 16x9 HDTV format.
00:01:14 --> 00:01:18
Set the rendering resolution to HDTV (video).
00:01:24 --> 00:01:27
Close the dialog when done.
00:01:27 --> 00:01:32
In order to frame the view better, enable Show Safe Frames in the Perspective view.
00:01:33 --> 00:01:36
This way, you get a better sense of what's being rendered.
00:01:37 --> 00:01:41
You are now ready to create the needed components. You'll start with the water surface.
00:01:42 --> 00:01:47
It's easy enough to place in the scene, use a simple Plane object in the top view.
00:01:48 --> 00:01:51
Make it 2m x 2m in size,
00:01:54 --> 00:01:59
and use the Move tool to relocate it to the center of the world, at [0,0,0]
00:02:02 --> 00:02:05
Name it "Water Surface".
00:02:07 --> 00:02:10
If you need to, change its wirecolor.
00:02:11 --> 00:02:17
That's fine for now although you will need to adjust its density later, when you create the animated ripples.
00:02:17 --> 00:02:21
Next, you'll create the path for the animated arrow.
00:02:21 --> 00:02:30
Note that there are multiple animated arrows in the trailer, and that each apparent arrow is actually made of two arrows traveling together.
00:02:32 --> 00:02:38
Since you're only learning the concepts here, you'll focus on creating one arrow and one path.
00:02:38 --> 00:02:47
Using the Line tool, create a line in Corner/Corner mode, centered on the water surface, only a tad wider.
00:02:48 --> 00:02:55
You only require two clicks. To ensure the line is straight, hold Shift down after the first click.
00:02:55 --> 00:02:59
Center the line to the world at [0,0,0]
00:03:03 --> 00:03:08
and then rename it "Arrow Path".
00:03:12 --> 00:03:16
Again, change its wirecolor if you need to.
00:03:18 --> 00:03:22
In the Modify panel, go to Segment mode.
00:03:23 --> 00:03:29
Select the single segment that makes the line. You need to subdivide it in order to create the bounces.
00:03:29 --> 00:03:38
Lower in the panel, set the Divide value to 11 and then click the Divide button.
00:03:38 --> 00:03:42
This adds 11 new vertices to the line that are equidistant.
00:03:44 --> 00:03:54
Go into vertex mode and select all vertices except verts #4, 6, 8 and 10.
00:03:57 --> 00:04:05
Move the selected vertices about 0,1m vertically. Keep an eye on the transform type-ins for reference.
00:04:06 --> 00:04:11
With the upper vertices still selected, right-click and set them to Bezier mode.
00:04:12 --> 00:04:17
Reset their tangents to ensure a nice, flowing upper trajectory.
00:04:18 --> 00:04:23
The lower vertices are set to corner to provide a harder bounce as the arrow hits the water.
00:04:24 --> 00:04:26
Exit sub-object mode when done.
00:04:27 --> 00:04:32
Adjust the Perspective view to get a better look at the contact points between the path and the water.
00:04:33 --> 00:04:36
This is where the ripples will eventually take place.
00:04:37 --> 00:04:42
Here, you will be dealing with just one path but keep in mind that the trailer has many.
00:04:42 --> 00:04:47
Also, the paths in the trailer are more irregular and zig-zag a little bit.
00:04:47 --> 00:04:52
That can be achieved by moving vertices horizontally, not just vertically.
00:04:53 --> 00:04:57
Again, we'll keep it simple for now and leave the path pointing in one direction.
00:04:58 --> 00:05:02
With the path in place, you next work on the arrow object.
00:05:02 --> 00:05:04
This is what you do in the next movie.